THEN and NOW


The white Padovana cockeral (March 28, 2006) crossed the road from Hills (map pin 3, once owned by Samuel L. Parrish Note 1) latterly preserved (2008) by Sandrow in hand with Shinnecock Indian Nation.

To Sandrow and husband Ulf Skogsbergh’s land (“Now” google map pin 2) within the former Jane Borrowe Colt Estate (“Then” E. Belcher Hyde map pin 2, 1891 - 1946) renowned for gardens (Note 2). The Colt’s were speculative players - Jane’s husband NJ and NY Railway Company President  E. Boudinot Colt (Note 3) - with Hills landowners LIRR president Austin Corbin and Real Estate developer and Railroad lawyer Samuel L. Parrish.


In a telescoping story of the railroad (heard passing a dozen times a day and more) traversing lands (within the Shinnecock Indian contact period Village Fort Critical Environmental Area; site of Shinnecock Fort) once solely the providence of Native American Shinnecock Nation. Who are now bound (since 1859) to reservation/territory (map pin 5) while their challenge to the claims of Town ownership (colonization beginning 1640) continued in courts (2016).


And the attraction that artists bring to the narrative: why a studio for his school (“Then” E. Belcher Hyde map pin 6, 1891 - 1902) and a home/studio designed by Stanford White gifted to plein air painter William Merritt Chase (1881 - 1902) a half mile east (“Then” E. Belcher Hyde map pin 4, 1881 - 1902). Large gambrel roofs characterized Chase’s home/studio (architects McKim, Mead and White) and (1891) others in the Hills including Jane Borrowe Colt Estate Carriage, Gatehouse and Cottage now owned by Sandrow/Skogsbergh (Note 4).


During Colt and Chase lifetimes, transition to the Technical Revolution or Second Industrial Revolution (1870–1920) was more and more visible. With electric power on the east end in the early 20th century (Note 5); the first automobile mentioned (1899, Note 6) in a local newspaper article under another about horse and carriages. (1892) Completion of the Shinnecock Canal (map pin 1), named to memorialize First Peoples (Note 7), was a matter of local importance to Southampton then. Now (1975 to present Digital Revolution or Third Industrial Revolution) the environmental impact of new development along its shores of concern to our community as well as an element of global dialogue.


Chase’s conservation efforts, memorialized in his Shinnecock Hill landscape paintings, are mirrored in Sandrow’s art and social practice - encompassing an artist in residence (2006). Her photographs accompanied by a hand distributed petition (2002) persuaded Town of Southampton’s Board to preserve public access to a bay beach pictured in Chase’s oil painting (1892) of his family “At the Seaside”. And, the acquisition (2006) for the Community Preservation Fund of ten acres of Shinnecock Hills (“Now” google map pin 3, from where the cockeral crossed the road) in collaboration with Shinnecock Nation. Local history presented in three solo exhibitions: godt tegn (2006-7) PS1/MOMA; (Re)collecting an Americans Dream (2007) Southampton Historical Museum; Platform: Genius Loci (2013-14) Parrish Art Museum.  With the installation When Dreams Collide: (Re)collecting an Artists Dream (Summer 2020) to be presented in the Women’s Study(room) open air studio Shinnecock Hills (map pin 2).


(2006-2016) With “Neighbors” Sandrow opposed a townhouse development along the southeastern shores of the Shinnecock Canal (map pin 1).  Components of her practice that (again) included organizing, petitions, and photographic documentation. Two new mediums added for elected officials accountability: 1) a lawsuit by the “Neighbors” to appeal the townhouse developments approval by the Town (2014); and, 2)  the web based public artwork Sketches of Local History Sandrow conceived, created, designed. In which Chase’s paintings exhibit the natural world of the canal and surrounding landscape in his time shown as references for area residents to understand changes since. To feel inspired to envision in a sketch the landscape they want to live in now, including replenishing lands that had been clear cut for development. Tragically (!), that Townhouse development currently under construction due to a replacement Judge (without explanation replaced the first) ruling in the Land Developers and Towns favor to proceed.



Note 1: Samuel L. Parrish (1930) sold lands to Lamotte Cohu where he constructed his estate Gissa Bu

Note 2: top, excerpt from Garden Tour,The County Review, July 4 1940, page 7, image 7 July 4 1940

Note 3:  And husband E. Boudinot Colt, held director position on Equitable Life Assurance Society Board, named Jane as the properties deed holder. New York legislators passed the Married Women's Property Act in 1848 and the Act Concerning the Rights and Liabilities of Husband and Wife in 1860...most states legislated the rights of women to own property by 1900. Jane’s nephew married LIRR founder Austin Corbin’s daughter Anna, her Estate nearby. The LIRR train tracks just north.

Note 4: The Colt Manor House burned to the ground in 1949

Note 5: “Our village is to have electric lights. A company has been formed, principally of our summer residents...and it is thought the light will be ready for use in a few weeks.” South Side Signal, January 20, 1894 Page 2, Image 2

Note 6: “A special train of the LIRR for horses and carriages will be run on Sept 19, 22, and 26 for L.I. City leaving Amagansett at 6:45 am and stopping at all stations west to Amityille. Horses and carriages should be delivered at least one hour before the train leaves. The first automobile went through this town this week from Southampton to Wainscott. It was owned by James L. Breese. The Corrector, September 16,1899 page 3, image 3

Note 7: From Smithsonian's Handbook of North American Indians: “new tribe‐by‐tribe estimates of North American Indian population size. Collectively these data suggest that population numbered about 1,894,350 at about A.D. 1500. Epidemics and other factors reduced this number to only 530,000 by 1900.”

In 1900: 230,306 native peoples to 75,519,557 non native; in 2019, estimated 2.09% indigenous population of US; 0.24% in New York State.

NOW

THEN

and

E. Belcher Hyde Map 1916

Google

Unearthed by Sandrow: left, Crown Embossed Brookfield (aka Bushwick) Glass Company Beehive Telegraph Insulator, 4” x 3 1/2”; right, Pyrex-Glass Strain Electric Wire Insulator Separator, 3” x 1” 
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